LIVER TUMORS

WHAT ARE THE MOST COMMON LIVER TUMORS?

The most common malignant liver tumor in dogs is Hepatocellular Carcinoma. This type of tumor originates from the liver cells and can grow very large, however the metastatic rate (spread) is low. Some of dog liver tumors are the results of a spread of tumors originating from other region of the body than the liver itself. 

Regarding cats, the most common malignant tumor is bile duct carcinoma, and the benign type is cystadenoma

HOW DO I KNOW IF MY DOG OR CAT HAVE LIVER CANCER?

Patients with liver tumors commonly show nonspecific signs of illness, which include lethargy, distended belly, decreased food intake and vomiting. The color of the gums, eyes and ears 

HOW IS LIVER TUMOR DIAGNOSED? 

Liver tumors can be diagnosed via belly palpation by the veterinarian, x-rays, and ultrasound? 

HOW DO YOU TREAT LIVER TUMORS?

The gold standard of care for treatment of liver cancer is surgery. The goal is to remove the tumor completely, however is not always possible. Depending weather or not the tumor is completely removed, an oncology consultation might be recommended.

WHAT ARE THE COMPLICATIONS AND AFTERCARE POST OPERATIVELY?

The patient should be cared in the hospital for few days to ensure that all the vitals are within normal limits. The most common complications immediately post op are bleeding, therefore blood values should be checked in the hospital to ensure that no blood transfusion is needed. Other complications include recurrence of the tumor and metastasis (spread). 

WHAT IS THE PROGNOSIS WITH LIVER TUMORS?

The most common liver tumor is Hepatocellular Carcinoma and carries a good outcome with a survival time that exceeds the 2 to 3 years. Other liver tumors carry a fair to poor outcome such as sarcomas.